TIME magazine called him

“the unsung hero behind the Internet.” CNN called him “A Father of the Internet.”

President Bill Clinton called him “one of the great minds of the Information

Age.” He has been voted history’s greatest scientist

of African descent. He is Philip Emeagwali.

He is coming to Trinidad and Tobago to launch the 2008 Kwame Ture lecture series

on Sunday June 8 at the JFK [John F. Kennedy] auditorium

UWI [The University of the West Indies] Saint Augustine 5 p.m.

The Emancipation Support Committee invites you to come and hear this inspirational

mind address the theme:

“Crossing New Frontiers to Conquer Today’s Challenges.”

This lecture is one you cannot afford to miss. Admission is free.

So be there on Sunday June 8 5 p.m.

at the JFK auditorium UWI St. Augustine. [Wild applause and cheering for 22 seconds] [Father of Large-Scale Algebra] Thank you.

Thank you. Thank you very much. I’m Philip Emeagwali. The need to calculate

is as old as humanity. The need to compute

existed because it is central to human existence.

The Latin equivalence of the word “computer”

was first used in print two thousand years ago.

The word “computer” was first used by the Roman author

Pliny the Elder. The word “supercomputer”

was coined in 1967. I believe that our children’s children

will coin a new word for their supercomputers.

I believe that our children’s children will invent supercomputers

that are science fiction to us. [Contributions of Philip Emeagwali to Algebra] The discovery and recovery

of every single barrel of oil from any oilfield

in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria must be preceded

by the massively parallel processed solution of the toughest problem

in extreme-scale algebra. For the fifteen years, inclusive

of from the 20th of June of 1974 that I was in Corvallis, Oregon, United States

through the Fourth of July 1989 in Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States,

I conducted my supercomputer research, and did so from speeds of

one million instructions per second in Oregon

to billions upon billions of floating-point arithmetical calculations

that I executed across a new internet

that is outlined and defined by a new global network of

two-raised-to-power sixteen tightly-coupled processors

that are commonly available in the market.

Each of those 64 binary thousand commodity processors

operated its own operating system. Each of those 65,536 processors

has its own dedicated memory that shares nothing with each other.

I was in the news in 1989 because I invented

how to solve the most computation-intensive problems

arising in large-scale algebraic computations.

Such problems arose from discretizing partial differential equations

that, in turn, arose from physics-based supercomputer simulations

of the motions of fluids that flow below the surface of the Earth,

such as the mile-deep crude oil, injected water, and natural gas

in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria; and from supercomputer simulations

of the motions of fluids that flow on the surface of the Earth,

such as the River Niger, Lake Chad, and the Atlantic ocean;

and from supercomputer simulations of the motions of fluids

that flow above the surface of the Earth, such as atmospheric rivers

that are defined as bands of moisture in the sky

that can discharge as much water as many land rivers.

Following my invention of the massively parallel processing supercomputer

that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989,

and that occurred in Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States,

the top publications in petroleum engineering and mathematics credited

I—Philip Emeagwali— with the invention

of how to solve the toughest problems arising in extreme-scale algebra

that must be solved as a pre-condition for discovering

and recovering otherwise elusive

crude oil and natural gas. For fifteen years,

my supercomputer research on how to solve the toughest problems

arising in large-scale algebraic computations and how to solve them across

a new internet that is a new ensemble of 65,536

commonly-available processors that were identical

and that were equal distances apart was criticized, scorned, and rejected.

My invention of how to solve the most extreme-scale problems

arising in algebra and how to solve them across

my new internet that is a new global network of

65,536 commodity processors was only accepted

after the Fourth of July 1989, the date that I invented it.

To the non-mathematician, my mathematical invention is abstract

and impenetrable. But my contributions

to calculus and algebra made sense to the research mathematician.

For that reason, my contributions to using the modern supercomputer

to solve the toughest problems arising in calculus and algebra

was the cover stories of top mathematics publications,

such as the May 1990 issue of the SIAM News.

The SIAM News is the flagship publication

of the mathematics community. The SIAM News

is published by the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

I was not on the cover of top mathematics publications

because I was good looking. I was on the cover

of top mathematics publications because I contributed

new algebraic knowledge to the existing body of knowledge

written in algebra textbooks, namely, I invented

how to solve the toughest problems arising in algebra and calculus

and invented how to solve them across my new internet

that is a new global network of processors that emulates one seamless, cohesive

new supercomputer. [Wild applause and cheering for 17 seconds] Insightful and brilliant lecture